孩子英语启蒙的六大误区,家长们一定要避开它!

2020年10月17日17:04:58 57
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孩子的英语启蒙教育是十分重要的,很多家长都把英语启蒙作为孩子进步和成长的关键。但是令很多人不解的是,单词背了,句型背了,课文也背了,知识点都总结了,但是孩子考出来的成绩却不是很理想,这到底是为什么呢?

 

想让孩子学好英语,以下这3个方面一共6个误区必须要避开。

孩子英语启蒙的六大误区,家长们一定要避开它!

单词学习

误区一:背单词就要死记硬背

英语其数十万词汇都是由26个字母按照一定的规律,部分特例所组成的,它的一个特征是读和写并不一致,也就是会说会说也不一定会写。很多学生背单词是一个字母一个字母来背的,然后再用抄写的方式来巩固,这样的学习方法老外见了都会噗嗤一乐,因为他们很少花时间去背单词。90%的老外学习中文是按照笔画来学写字的,验证了中文是世界上最难的语言,我们路过也会噗嗤一乐,体会一下其中的含义会觉得很有意思。

 

解决:英语是个以语音为基础的语言,中文是一个以象形字为基础的语言。要想把中文学好就要不断地练习写中文,用中文的偏旁部首来学习;要想把英语学好就要找到英语的发音和拼写之间的关系,用音节来学习。事情确实是这样,在此基础上就发展出了几种很有效的单词学习方法,首先是单词的发音,慢速的发音找出个音节,并且将音节分开,夸张地念出声音,边念边体会单词的拼写,接着由于英语不像中文看到样子就能猜到含义,所以需要用发音联想单词含义的方式将解释和发音以及拼写融合在一起,这样就能一步将单词整合在一起。

 

 

误区二:具备基本词汇量就能够阅读、写作及交流

基本词汇量是多少,中文的常用词可能是3500至5000左右,英语的基本也就是这个数,不过要注意的一点是中文是一种看到不认识的字也能猜出一二的象形文字,而英语不是,在长期被各地区使用之后,英语的面貌发生了翻天覆地的改变,近似于中文的繁体变简体活动,不过英语的变化更为复杂一点。所以中文中你可以不知道发音能猜出意思,而英语里你能猜出发音但不知道意思。这仅仅是单个单词的难度,在阅读中,英语的词义经常会发生改变,与字典上的词义不同,要经由上下文的理解才能明确含义。

 

解决:不断学习身边事物的单词,不断学习人名和地名的说法,从中文先入手,熟悉了再回头来变成英语单词,这是捷径也是正确的方法,聪明的入手可以让孩子经常使用这些单词,何况即使将来到了美国,你也要能够将祖国的大好河山地道地介绍给老外,老外说自己的故乡,你也要认识。此外,不断学习现代的英文表达,新兴事物的讲法也很重要,特别是大量英文缩写,家长也要注意平时的积累。

孩子英语启蒙的六大误区,家长们一定要避开它!

语法

误区一:要大量做题才能巩固和牢记语法知识点

中国的教育特色就是针对做题的训练特别多,可是做题的后遗症是永远把题做错,永远找会做错的题来进行训练,在训练头脑方面这确实是个好方法。不过在语言学习上就不是,因为语言学习在越小的时候就越需要给予正确的表达,语言通过不断正确地重复就固定下来,话一出口就是对的。

 

解决:大量做题会迷失方向,少量做题,大量的替换练习才是正确的。任何的题目都需要至少5遍以上的重复,和熟悉度,做对的题是第一步,按照对的题来模仿,多次的模仿,这里指的题可以是文字的,也可以是电视里看到的,耳朵听到的,无论其来源,然后孩子模仿,精良逼真的模仿。

 

 

误区二:掌握了语法知识点就能学会写作句子

语言是活的,语法不是知识点的堆积,何况中国的英语语法书并不是写给中国人看的,书中没有告诉你句子的大框架是怎么运用在造句中的,这已经使得整个国家陷入了英语教学的深渊中,学生从大学毕业,学习了至少13年的英语后,还是一句话都写不地道,学习语言不会写句子是什么状态?

 

解决:要交给孩子的不是知识点,而要训练孩子有大结构大框架的处理能力,句子首先是简洁的,表述清楚的,没有任何修饰的。当意思清楚明白之后,再来训练孩子一些形容词加名词的使用,一些动词加副词的使用。接着可以深入地来做语句的各种类型的试验和拼接。

孩子英语启蒙的六大误区,家长们一定要避开它!

发音

误区一:单词要按照字典上的音标来学习正确的发音

字典上的音标是对于单词口语快速发音的近似标注,48个音标并不足以标注所有的单词,并且由于近似标注,使得知道单词拼写并不能立刻读出正确的音,知道发音不一定会写出正确的拼写。

 

解决:让孩子重视元音(包括双元音)的发音,一定要夸张大声缓慢地将单词中的元音念出来,念得清楚,训练口腔的肌肉。字典上的发音只不过是将这些单词从慢速转为模煳近似的快速而已。

 

 

误区二:只要多听老外讲话就能提高英语能力

英语本身就是包容性很强的语言,来自于拉丁语、法语和德语等的众多语言构成了现在的英语,世界各国在使用的英语,可以说都是英语的方言,就连英国人也不一定听得懂北部和南部各自的发音。美国一直以来都是各民族混合的地区,语言上西班牙语和英语都各占很大的使用比例,不少美国人说话中都会夹杂一些其他语言的单词,就是英语的发音也和英国人有着天壤之别,所以现在有了自己的字典(韦氏字典)和音标体系,现在称之为美语。

 

解决:学习英语的原因在于学习其所承载的先进文化和科学知识,进而为将来出国留学做好准备,那么既然现在美国在教育和科技方面占有领先地位,那么首选学习美式英语是个不错的选择。在中国的传统教材或是牛津教材等新教材选择中使用的都是传统的英式英语,这是非常明智的选择,因为从英式英语转到美式英语不用花太多的精力,只要了解部分不同的词汇和夸张点的语音语调就行了,反之从美式英语入手就比较难办,因为中国的英语学习大环境还是英式音主导。不过家长心里要有个谱,如果要送孩子去美国留学的话,考试用语是美语,表达习惯上会有差异,如果有条件接触美语教材也是必须的。

 

 

这是孩子在学习英语的时候出现的六大误区,家长们在培养孩子英语学习的过程中,一定注意。除此之外,家长们也可以为孩子选择一个合适的少儿英语培训班,帮助孩子在英语学习的道路上,越走越顺畅。

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